Breath of Clarity: Unraveling Atelectasis

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Lung Collapse Explored

Atelectasis is a medical condition characterized by the partial or complete collapse of the lung or a section of it. This happens when the air sacs, known as alveoli, within the lung become deflated or fail to fully expand. As a result, the affected area of the lung cannot properly exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide, leading to various respiratory complications.

This condition can occur in different forms, including obstructive atelectasis, compressive atelectasis, and adhesive atelectasis. Obstructive atelectasis is the most common type and is often caused by an obstruction in the airway, such as a mucus plug or a tumor. Compressive atelectasis occurs when external pressure, such as from a fluid buildup or an enlarged heart, compresses the lung tissue. Adhesive atelectasis is typically a result of the lack of surfactant, a substance that helps keep the alveoli open and prevents them from collapsing.

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