Deciphering the Differences: IBS vs IBD

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IBS vs. IBD: Symptoms and Pathology

One of the key differences between IBS and IBD lies in the nature of their symptoms and underlying pathology. While IBS primarily presents with functional symptoms such as abdominal discomfort and altered bowel habits, IBD manifests with symptoms of inflammation, such as persistent diarrhea, rectal bleeding, and weight loss.

Moreover, IBD is associated with visible damage to the intestinal lining, which can be visualized through endoscopic examinations, whereas IBS does not cause structural changes in the digestive tract.

Additionally, IBD is classified into two main types: Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, each with its own distinct set of symptoms and patterns of inflammation. Crohn’s disease can affect any part of the digestive tract, while ulcerative colitis is limited to the colon and rectum. Understanding these differences is crucial for accurate diagnosis and appropriate management of these gastrointestinal conditions.

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